Turfgrass Reestablishment Techniques Following Winterkill.
Erica Titus, Kevin, W. Frank, and J.M. Vargas Jr. Michigan State University, A584-g Plant Soil Science Building, East Lansing, MI 48824, United States of America
The general loss of turf during winter is referred to as winterkill. Many cultural and environmental factors influence the prevention and occurrence of winterkill. Due to the scattered kill patterns re-seeding can prove difficult, although it is the primary technique for recovery. The objectives of this study are to determine the effect of turf species and fertilizer and protective cover program on reestablishment after winterkill. The experimental design is a 3 cultivar/species by 2 nutritional programs by 2 cover factorial with three replications. The study simulated winterkill by the application of non-selective herbicide in spring 2006. Once weather conditions permitted the damaged greens were seeded with creeping bentgrass cultivars A4 and Providence. Annual Bluegrass seedheads were collected from nearby putting green by collecting clippings following mowing. The clippings were then spread on the plots to facilitate germination. Prior to seeding a vertical aerator with a Job Saver attachment was used to create indentions for the seed to germinate. Starter fertilizer (19-25-5) was applied at 1.0 lb.N/1000ft2 at seeding and light topdressing applied to all plots. Starting two weeks after seeding there will be two fertilizer treatments: granular applied at 0.3 lb.N/1000ft2 every three weeks, and liquid fertilizer applied weekly at 0.1 lb.N/1000ft2 . Reestablishment of plots will be assessed using visual estimates and computer analysis by taking pictures and using Sigma Scan digital imaging software. Visual quality measurements will also be recorded as well as time of seedling emergence and days to complete cover. Results will be presented.