Pencycuron Application to Flooded Tropical Soils with or without Cow Manure: Degradation and Effect on Microbiological Parameters.
Raktim Pal, Institute of Environmental Studies and Wetland Management, B-04, LA- Block, Sector – III, Salt Lake City, Kolkata – 700 098, West Bengal, India., Kolkata, 700 098, India
Laboratory study was conducted to follow the degradation and effect of pencycuron on microbial parameters of flooded alluvial (AL) soil (Typic udifluvent) and Coastal Saline (CS) soil (Typic endoaquept) under rice cultivation. Pencycuron degraded faster in CS soil and in soil amended with Decomposed Cow Manure (DCM). Pencycuron at field rate (FR), 2FR and 10FR affected the Microbial Biomass C (MBC), soil ergosterol content and Fluorescein Diacetate Hydrolyzing Activity (FDHA) differentially. The DCM amendment did not seem to have any counteractive effect on the toxicity of pencycuron on the microbial variables. The change in microbial metabolic quotient (qCO2) and microbial respiration quotient (QR), indicated that pencycuron induced disturbance at 10FR. Pencycuron was more toxic to the metabolically activated and newly generated soil microbial populations.